3. Half-Day Trip from Cusco to Sacsayhuaman
This tour slows you to let your inner archaeologist out as you travel to the ancient ruins of Sacsayhuaman (also spelled Saksaywaman) for a half-day of exploring. After the pickup in your hotel in Cusco, this guided tour will bring you to the archaeological park and several Inca ruins around Cusco in an air-conditioned minivan.
Your first stop will be Tambomachay, a natural spring that was worshipped by the Incas. The ruins consist of terraced aqueducts, canals and waterfalls. It may have served as a resting place for the Incas, though its main purpose was to defend the Valley of Cusco. Next up is Qango, a large maze-type ruin with a sacrificial alter at the center. Here, you’ll see spiraling staircases and secret passageways.
Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Park is the highlight of the tour. Here, the Incas leveled a mountain top and then built three huge walls. These walls served as the canvas for their drawings of snakes, condors and pumas on the large stones, some that are as high 10 meter (35 feet). The animals represent the three worlds of the ancient Incas. A large round structure may have been a solar calendar. The site, which offers grand views of Cusco, also consists of a 500,000-gallon water reservoir.
The final stop is the Tower of Puka Pukara, an Inca fortress with huge walls, staircases and terraces. The rocks appear red at dusk, which may be the source of the fort’s name. This fort was used to defend Cusco and the Inca Empire from invaders. It is a good example of military architecture, and also may have been used as a checkpoint to weed out undesirable travelers. The tour ends at your hotel in Cusco.
2. Day Tour from Cusco to Sacred Valley
If your journey to Peru involves a quest to learn more about the ancient Inca Empire, then this day trip from Cusco to the Sacred Valley is for you. The day-long tour starts and ends at Cusco, a city high in the Andes Mountains that was once the capital of the Inca Empire.
Our first stop on the way to the Sacred Valley will be Pisac, an Andean village famous for its picturesque market. This is a good place to shop for Peruvian handcrafts, such as colorful handmade blankets, and souvenirs, including dried corn in rainbow colors. If you’re touring on a Sunday, you’ll have the opportunity to attend mass, which is conducted in both Quechua and Spanish. It’s an opportunity, too, to see and hear music played on a pututu or shell horn.
Following our stop at picturesque Pisac, we’ll continue deeper into the Sacred Valley as we journey to Ollantaytambo, a fortress, and then onto the Temple of the Sun. Ollantaytambo was a village that was conquered by an Inca emperor who turned it into a temple that served as a fortress during times of strife, terraced the land leading up Temple Hill and installed an irrigation system. This complex, made of huge stones, was the administrative center of the Inca Empire. Besides the emperor, other Incan nobility lived at Ollantaytambo.
The Temple of the Sun is the crowning glory of Temple Hill. The temple functioned as a calendar, marking the summer and winter solstices. Alas, the temple was abandoned before construction was finished, so we’ll never know how great it might have been. After a guided tour of the ruins and then exploring them on your own, the bus will return you to your Cusco hotel. The day is busy and long; it includes lunch and entrance fees.
1. Day Trip from Cusco to Machu Picchu
This day trip is totally awesome as you travel by train through the Andes Mountains from Cusco to Machu Picchu, one of the world’s greatest man-made wonders.
Your day trip begins with pick-up at your hotel in Cusco and transfer to the train station. You can choose your seats for the ride: Expedition, with indigenous fabric décor; Vistadome, with panoramic windows for excellent views, or Executive, with its high-end luxury facilities. Then you’re off for the 80-km (50-mile) ride to Aguas Calientes, a small village near Machu Picchu. There you’ll board a bus for the final leg of your journey back into time.
Machu Picchu is the symbol of Inca civilization. Built for an emperor, Machu Picchu functioned as a fortress, a religious site and home to many Incas. It was built in the 15th century but abandoned a century later when the Spanish conquered the Incas. The conquistadors never found this ancient city and it remained relatively unknown until the early 20th century when it was rediscovered by an American historian.
Today, you’ll have an opportunity to discover this stone citadel and learn more about its history. Your guide will explain how the city was constructed using traditional Inca building techniques. Many buildings have been restored over the last century, but there are still plenty of ruins to see. You’ll also learn about how the Incas lived and see the temples where they worshipped and made human sacrifices to appease their gods.
The tour of Machu Picchu is slow-paced and suitable for both young and old. Comfortable walking shoes are a must; be sure to drink plenty of water, too, as dehydration can occur quickly at high altitudes. After the guided portion of the tour is over, you’ll have time to explore the ruins on your own. The views are spectacular, so be sure to have plenty of film or memory cards with you.